DEVELOPMENT AND FABRICATION OF AGRICULTURAL PEST CONTROL SYSTEM
Muhammed Salih P R, Jom Toni, Akhil K R, Aswin Manoj
Department of Mechanical Engineering
Holy Grace Academy of Engineering
Kuruvilassery, P.O Mala
Research is “creative and systematic work undertaken to increase the stock of knowledge”. It involves the collection, organization and analysis of information to increase understanding of a topic or issue. Efficient use of pesticides can helpful to control plant pests and diseases to increase the crop yields. The use of agrochemicals can effectively enhance the quantity and quality of crop; however, it increases the environmental risks in recent years. Pesticide application utilizes the to a significant percentage of the production cost. During chemical plant protectionpractices, over application of pesticide or inefficient spraying equipment may cause serious issueson human health and the environment. Effective pesticide application is a critical activity during crop production season that requires efficient spraying machinery with proper calibration as well as relevant regulations to reduce off-target spray deposition. Thus, the significant among all the factors which are influencing the degree of off-target spray deposition is the design and application spraying technology Conventional agricultural pesticide application practices havedeveloped a contradiction among the yield enhancement, cost effectiveness and environmental protection. Therefore, pesticides have to be applied using suitable spraying systems to avoid adverse effects on environment as well as human health. Thus, in recent decades, spraying methods and technologies have been undergoing continuous evolution. Conventional sprayerswere very laborious and require very heavy machinery to operating them in the field. They increasethe application amount because of no proper application method for spraying nozzles, crop foliage detection, and weather parameters. advancement in spray application technologies increase crop production and increase pesticide efficiency on weed and insects in the field. Spray loss in the form ofspray drift, weather effects, target detection, and control flow nozzles problem solved by advancedpesticide application technologies. The time-consuming problem for tank refilling is reduced withultra-low volume sprayers and fine droplet spray nozzles. With time the crop maintaining technology-advance from weeds and pest, detection to spray application nozzles. The objective of this chapter is to highlight the attachments conceived by both electronics and mechanical components which implies for the working of agricultural spraying machine.